Environmental policy in East Asia

Institutions in comparative perspective

Authored by: Sangbum Shin

Routledge Handbook of Environment and Society in Asia

Print publication date:  August  2014
Online publication date:  September  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415659857
eBook ISBN: 9781315774862
Adobe ISBN: 9781317685715

10.4324/9781315774862.ch5

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Abstract

This chapter overviews the processes in which East Asian countries have tried to tackle environmental problems and climate change issues focusing especially on environmental institutions in comparative perspective. Environmental institutions include government environmental organizations, basic environmental legislation, major environmental policies, and channels for non-governmental actors. I shall first briefly introduce economic and environmental profiles of selected East Asian countries. Then, I examine some similarities and differences of the processes and consequences of environmental institutionalization in these countries focusing mostly on the overall patterns of environmental governance such as top down or bottom up. I also see if the patterns overlap with those found in their economic development. In addition, I briefly introduce the climate change policies of these countries and emphasize the environmental decentralization as a key factor for successful climate change policies in this region.

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