Inclusive/Universal Design

People at the Center of the Design Process

Authored by: Valerie Fletcher

The Routledge Companion for Architecture Design and Practice

Print publication date:  November  2015
Online publication date:  November  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138023154
eBook ISBN: 9781315775869
Adobe ISBN: 9781317688754


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We episodically remember that architecture—and all of design—is a “social art” by people for people. Our definition of “social” evolves and shifts in response to the current context. With Vitruvius’ treatise on architecture in the first century, a perfectly proportioned young athletic male was the starting point for a rational architecture that aligned human symmetry with the perfect geometries of the circle and the square. More than 1,400 hundred years later Leonardo da Vinci created the drawing that defined that perceived harmony between the idealized human body and the physical world (Froyen, 2012).

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