Authored by: Gangyan Si , Hin-Yue Li , Baoming Chen

Routledge International Handbook of Sport Psychology

Print publication date:  February  2016
Online publication date:  February  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138022423
eBook ISBN: 9781315777054
Adobe ISBN: 9781317692324


 Download Chapter



This chapter covers the development of sport psychology in mainland China since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. Chinese sport psychology, research and application, focuses on performance enhancement among top elite athletes (Yao & Xu, 2004), and in China, this is highly related to the socio-political background. The PRC government has stated that sport, in general, should serve the nation and its political condition. In this context elite sport should act as a showroom to display the political, economic, cultural, and technological power of one’s nation and ethnicity (Tian, 2002). Policy makers have established specific goals and tasks for both the ‘Olympic Glory Plan’ (General Administration of Sport in China, 2002, 2011) and the ‘National Games Gold Medal Strategy’ (e.g., General Administration of Sport in China, 2006). The former, in particular, outlined the proposed development of China elite sport for each ten-year period in order to achieve the national target at each of the Olympic Games. Elite sport has become a key area for Chinese sport science research, including sport psychology (Huang & Zou, 2001). Based on Zhang and Mao’s (2003) categorization, we shall illustrate the history of Chinese sport psychology in three stages: (1) learning, (2) development, and (3) research and application.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.