The Impact of New Technology and Changing Tactics on Warfare

Authored by: William A. Taylor

The Routledge Handbook of American Military and Diplomatic History

Print publication date:  August  2014
Online publication date:  September  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415533805
eBook ISBN: 9781315817347
Adobe ISBN: 9781317813354

10.4324/9781315817347.ch37

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Abstract

The American Civil War witnessed the introduction of vast new technology. Some of this novel weaponry related to land warfare. Innovations such as rifle muskets, rifled artillery, breech-loading and repeating weapons, and Gatling guns had varying degrees of impact. Other original machinery was attendant to naval warfare. Navies experimented with ironclads, submarines, and naval mines, otherwise known as torpedoes. The telegraph and reconnaissance balloons improved communications. Railroads and steam power increased the capability of logistics and transportation, especially for the North. Such advances impacted the tactical, operational, and strategic levels of land warfare, naval warfare, communications, logistics, and transportation.

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