Vulnerability, ignorance and the experience of radical surprises

Authored by: Christian Kuhlicke

Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415718967
eBook ISBN: 9781315867762
Adobe ISBN: 9781317964674


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Some events take us quite radically by surprise; they hit us unprepared and unveil our vulnerability. The reasons for this are manifold: some events are beyond any type of anticipation; for others, while warning signals existed, they were misinterpreted or not effectively communicated, defense structures were miscalculated and poorly designed or the possibility of low-probability/high-consequence events was systematically underestimated in management practices and strategies.

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